Athletes are predisposed to a number of musculoskeletal injuries because of the stress that their joints, muscles, and bones are exposed to as they train and compete. The stress that they experience may either be repetitive or excessive. Injuries that result from repetitive stress are called overuse injuries.
Overuse injuries are accumulative, such that they occur over time and not just in one single instance. This is in contrast to acute injuries, which are usually caused by excessive, sudden trauma to a body part in a single event.
Examples of overuse injuries that are common in runners are ITB syndrome, Achilles tendinitis, and stress fractures.
ITB syndrome, or iliotibial band syndrome, is considered to be one of the most common overuse injuries among runners. This occurs when the connective tissue from the thigh muscle rubs against the side of the knee repeatedly, which causes inflammation and pain. The IT band usually comes in contact with the knee when a runner has incorrect biomechanics or has poor running posture, which results to improper alignment of the muscles and bones of the lower legs.
Achilles tendinitis is the inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which results from overuse and degeneration. The Achilles tendon is the attachment of the calf muscle to the heel bone. It receives great stress during activities like walking, running, and jumping.
Stress fractures are cracks or a breakage in the bone that become present when there is repeated trauma, impact, or recurrent exposure to stress. Bones that are commonly found to have stress fractures are the shin bone, thigh bone, and bones of the foot.
As the old adage goes, prevention is better than cure. To prevent these overuse injuries, there are several things that an athlete can do. Physio Works, a physiotherapy clinic, provides some suggestions in order to prevent running injuries:
– Have a customized warm up and cool down routine to prepare muscles for running
– Using appropriate footwear, which has to do with the athlete’s unique foot structure (Example consideration: Does the athlete have a high arch or is the athlete flat-footed?)
– Ensure correct running biomechanics
Another way to avoid running injuries is to make sure that the athletes are using appropriate running surfaces. According to an article from livestrong.com, the presence of a surface track can reduce the risk for injuries, since surface tracks are softer than concrete or asphalt, and provides a flat, stable, and predictable surface unlike mountainous or hilly terrain.
Not only is the presence of a surface track important for athletes, but the quality of the surface track, as well as the way that it is built, are also equally vital considerations in order to decrease the risk for injury of athletes.
If you’re looking for a surface track installer with an unparalleled track record, consider General Sports Surfaces. They focus on building running tracks that are of high quality in terms of design and construction.
Contact General Sports Surfaces today and ask for a quotation. You can visit their website at generalsportssurfaces.com or you can give them a call through 817 295 6616.
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